Ans:Autonomy may be defined as a functional status of a college, which was hither to existing as an affiliated college to a University, and which can extend greater flexibility towards purely academic development of through restructuring and multi level delegation of financial resources and power for up-liftment of academic standards and excellence.
Q 1b :What is the need for Autonomy?
Ans:(i) To enable the University to oversee the working of the colleges and acting as an examining body and award degrees on their behalf.
(ii) To delink most of the colleges from affiliating structure and provide more academic and operative freedom to do better with more credibility.
Q 2:Who provides the autonomous status to Govt./Private engineering colleges?
Ans:University Grants Commission, (an autonomous body of MHRD, Govt. of India) is entrusted to provide conferment of autonomous status after 2 stages verification by UGC and affiliating University
Q 3:What are the prerequisites of an engineering UG and/or PG Colleges for being autonomous?
Ans:All colleges recognized under section 2(f) and 12(B) of UGC Act with sufficient academic and non-academic resources are eligible to apply for conferment of UGC autonomy.
Q 4:Who are the important Stakeholders to avail the benefits of autonomy?
Ans:Major Stakeholders of an autonomy college are-
(e) Local community
Q 5:Who provides degree in a autonomous college?
Ans:The Parent University will award degree to the students evaluated and recommended by autonomous colleges. The degree certificates will be in a common format devised by the University. The name of the college will be mentioned in the degree certificates; if so desired. Autonomous colleges that have completed three terms can confer the degree under their title with the seat of the university.
Q 6:Major flexibility in academic operation in autonomous college?
Ans:Major academic flexibilities are mentioned below-
(a) Determine and prescribe its own courses of study and syllabus and syllabi and restructure and redesign courses to suit local needs.
(b) Prescribe rules in consonance with the reservation policy of the State Government.
(c) Evolve methods of assessment of student's performance, the conduct of examinations and notification of results.
(d) Use modern tools of educational Technology to achieve higher standards and greater creativity and promote healthy practices such as Community Service; extension activities; projects for the benefit of the society at large; neighborhood programmes etc.
Q 7:How does the examination system of an autonomous college function?
Ans:In order to avoid victimization by either teachers or students of any group, there should be various alternatives to the internal examination system. Student's performance may be evaluated both internally and externally. Question banks may be prepared by internal examiners; and examinations conducted by external examiners or by internal examiners, or by both. Remuneration for examination work should not be less taken that paid by the University.
Q 8:What is the minimum period of award of autonomous status to an engineering institution?
Q 9:What are the Statutory Committees of an autonomous college?
Ans:The Statutory Committees are-
(a) Board of Governors (BOG).
(b) Academic Council.
(c) Finance Committee.
(d) Board of Studies (BOS).
Q 10:What are the non-Statutory Committees?
Ans:The non-Statutory Committees are-
(a) Departmental Academic Committee.
(b) Examination Committee.
(c) Grievance Redressal Committee.
(d) Anti Ragging Core Committee.
(e) R&D Committee.
(f) Students Welfare Committee.
(g) Literary Committee.
(h) Library Committee.
(i) Sports Committee.
(j) Cultural Committee.
(k) Administrative Quality Circle.
(l) Planning & Evaluation Committee.
(m) Extra Curricular Committee.
(n) Academic Audit Committee.
(o) Hostel & Canteen Committee.
Q 11:Can an autonomous college offer relevant Short term courses within / beyond curriculum, for the benefit of the students?
Ans:Yes. Organization of special need based short term courses under the college's department of continuing education may be an important activity for benefit of students of the college besides outsiders who may enroll for them
Q 12:What is the role of UGC in conferment of autonomous status?
Ans:Autonomous status covers certificate diploma, undergraduate, postgraduate and M.Phil programmes offered in colleges that are autonomous and those seeking autonomous status.The parent University will confer the status of autonomy upon a college that is permanently affiliated, with the concurrence of the State Government and the University Grants Commission.
Q 13:What is the role of State Govt. towards assistance to Autonomous College?
Ans:(i) Conveying in Concurrence for the extension of autonomy of any college to the Commission within the stipulated time of 90 days after receipt of the review Committee report, failing which it will be construed that the State Government has no objection to the college continuing to be autonomous.
(ii) Avoiding, as far as possible, transfer of teachers; especially in colleges where academic innovation and reforms are in progress, except for need based transfer and
(iii) Deputing nominee on time to the Governing body of Government colleges and other bodies wherever their nominees are to be included.
Q 14:What is the nature of assistance after conferment autonomous status?
Ans:Pattern of Financial assistance and other enabling provisions-
The Commission will provide assistance under this scheme to autonomous colleges to meet their additional and special needs-
(i) Guest / Visiting faculty.
(ii) Orientation and re-training of teachers.
(iii) Re- designing courses and development of teaching / learning material.
(iv) Workshop and seminars.
(v) Examination reforms.
(vi) Office equipment, teaching aids and laboratory equipment.
(vii) Furniture for office, classrooms, library and laboratories.
(viii) Library equipment, books / journals.
(ix) Expenditure on meetings of the Governing body and Committees.
(x) Honorarium to controller of Examination (full time) not exceeding Rs. 800/- p.m.
(xi) Accreditation (NAAC) fee.
(xii) Renovation and repair not leading to construction of a new building.
(xiii) Extension activities.
Q 15:How does an autonomous College start new degree / Post Graduate courses?
Ans:An autonomous College is free to start a new degree or Post Graduate course with the approval of the Academic Council of the College. Such courses shall fulfill the minimum standards prescribed by the University / UGC in terms of number of hours, curricular consent and standards, the University shall be duly informed of such courses.
An autonomous College may rename the existing course after restructuring / redesigning it with the approval of the college Academic Council per UGC norms. The new nomenclature should be as specified by UGC under section 22 of UGC Act. The University should be duly informed of such proceedings so that it may award new degrees in place of the old.
The University should have the right to reviewed all new courses of an autonomous college. Where there is evidence of decline in standards or quality the University may, after careful scrutiny and in consultation with the UGC, either help modify them, wherever possible or cancel such courses.
Q 16:What is the difference between a Deemed University and an Autonomy College?
Ans:A Deemed University is fully autonomous to the extent of awarding its own Degree. A Deemed University is usually a Non-Affiliating version of a University and has similar responsibilities like any University. An Autonomous College enjoys Academic Autonomy alone.
The University to which an autonomous college is affiliated will have checks on the performance of the autonomous college.
Q 17:What is the change of Status for Students and Teachers if we become Autonomous?
Ans:An autonomous college carries a prestigious image. Autonomy is actually earned out of our continued past efforts on academic performances, our capability of self governance and the kind of quality education we offer.
Q 18:Who will check whether the academic standard is maintained / improved after Autonomy? How will it be checked?
Ans:There is a built in mechanism in the autonomous working for this purpose. An Internal Committee called Academic Programme Evaluation Committee is a Non – Statutory body, which will keep a watch on the academics and keep its reports and recommendations every year. In addition to APEC, Senate, the highest academic body, also supervises the academic matters. At the end of three years. There is an external inspection by the University for this purpose. The standards of our question papers, the regularity of academic calendar, attendance of students, speed and transparency of result declaration and such other parameters are involved in this process.
Q 19:Can GCOEA give a provisional degree certificate?
Ans:Since the examinations are conducted by GCOEA and the results are also declared by GCOEA, the college sends a list of successful candidates with their final Grades and Grade Point Averages including CGPA to the University. Therefore with the prior permission of the University the college will be entitled to give the provisional certificate.
Q 20:What is the role of Examination committee?
Ans:The Exam Committee is responsible for the smooth conduct of ST1 , ST2 , Assignments, End- Sem and make up Examinations. All matters involving the conduct of examinations, spot valuations, tabulations preparation of Grade Cards etc fall within the duties of the Examination Committee.
Q 21:Who declares the result?
Ans:The result declaration process is also defined. After tabulation work wherein the SGPA, CGPA and final Grades are ready, the entire result is reviewed by the Moderation Committee. Any unusual deviations or gross level discrepancies are deliberated and removed. The entire result is discussed in the APEC for its approval. The result is then declared on the college notice boards as well put on the web site of the college. It is eventually sent to the University.
Q 22:Shall we get autonomy for PG and Doctoral Programmes also?
Ans:Yes, initially our PG programmes can enjoy autonomous status.